North East Asian Regional - Global Ocean Observing System (1996-2017)
 

NEAR (North-East Asian Regional)-GOOS is a regional pilot project of GOOS in the North-East Asian Region, implemented by China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation as one activity of IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC). NEAR-GOOS was conceived in 1995 and initiated in 1996 upon the formal adoption of the NEAR-GOOS Implementation Plan and Operational Manual by the 29th Executive Council of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission following a recommendation from the WESTPAC Regional Sub commission of IOC earlier in the year. It became one of the first regional pilot projects of GOOS.

The primary aim of NEAR-GOOS in its first phase was to facilitate the sharing of oceanographic data gathered by agencies of the partner countries using the internet, to support the daily mapping of conditions in the marginal seas bordered by the partner countries (5).

Although it was anticipated that this should eventually lead to improvement in the availability of information and ocean services for all kinds of beneficial purposes (in particular maritime weather and storm forecasting, fishing operations, pollution monitoring and coastal management), it is important to note that these flow-on outcomes were not specific goals for the first phase.

The most important success of NEAR-GOOS in its first phase were: 

i. The consolidation of a functional two-mode ‘distributed’ Internet-based database structure in the partner countries as a workable model for the enhancement and coordinated handing of oceanographic data at national level;
ii. The linking of this structure with two Regional Databases that are responsible for the receipt and merging of data concerning the NEAR-GOOS region as a whole, thus creating a regional database system which is part of GOOS; 
iii. The adoption and practice of a free and open data exchange policy, predating the formulation of such a policy for GOOS as a whole;
iv. The implementation of coordinated and approved data exchange management training for regional participants.









Related information
NEAR-GOOS Regional Real Time Database
Japan
China
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation

NEAR-GOOS Regional Delayed Mode Data Base (RDMDB)
Japan
China
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation

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