First Feasibility Study Workshop on the 2nd CSK and its Adjacent Regions, Qingdao, China

19 Jan 2017 - 20 Jan 2017

First Feasibility Study Workshop on the 2nd Cooperative Study of the Kuroshio and its Adjacent Regions, Qingdao, China, 19-20 January 2017

Ocean major currents such as Kuroshio, North Equatorial Current, Mindanao Current, Indonesian Through Flow are of vast social and economic importance to the people and countries in the Western Pacific. These currents carry a huge amount of heat, freshwater and mass as well as biogeochemical materials and biological resources from one place to another. For example, the North Equatorial Current splits at the Philippine coast into Kuroshio and Mindanao currents, and the change of latitude of bifurcation causes the redistribution of upper ocean heat in the tropical region and sub-tropical region, which will cause weather patterns in the Western Pacific region. The changes of the bifurcation latitude also causes the redistribution of larval eels, so the eel caught along the Kuroshio coast in the following season is associated with the changes of bifurcation latitude.

The CSK (Collaborative Study of Kuroshio and adjacent region) was the first project of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Western Pacific, with 12 countries participating in and supporting joint research into this current from 1965 to 1979. Since then, a number of activities have been carried out within the region.

Inspired by the spirit of cooperation reflected in and following the recommendation of CSK, IOC established a regional collaborative mechanism - WESTPAC - (Regional Committee for the Western Pacific in 1977, and further evolved as the IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific) with mandate to develop, coordinate and implement marine scientific research, observations and services, and capacity development in the Western Pacific and adjacent regions.

Since the completion of the CSK, a good many multi-national, bilateral, and national projects and studies have been conducted aiming to understand more about ocean circulation and variations in the CSK and its adjacent regions. Given the dramatic advance over the last four decades in observational technologies and modeling techniques, and the 40th anniversary of CSK in 2019, it is necessary to review our current knowledge on Kuroshio, identify scientific and observational gaps, and further explore any possibilities of cooperative studies on Kuroshio and its adjacent regions.

Workshop Objectives

The objectives of this workshop aim to: 1) review the CSK-1 (1965-1979) and its achievements; 2) update with the present observations and research status on Kuroshio and its adjacent regions; 3) share any plan or idea for future observations and research programs on Kuroshio and its adjacent regions; 4) identify knowledge gap and new scientific themes; and 5) analyze the feasibility of conducting the CSK-2, with a list of associated actions/proposals to be taken shortly after the workshop.

Location Qingdao, China
Event Type Technical Workshops and Trainnings
Organisers Staff Participants

IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC)

Wenxi Zhu
Xiaopei Lin
Nachapa Saransuth

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this website do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariats of UNESCO and IOC concerning the legal status of any country or territory, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of the frontiers of any country or territory.
 Photos of the workshop, All photos ©WESTPAC
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Workshop Agenda
Thursday 19 January 2017 ppts (pdf) 
09:30-09:50 Briefing of the purpose of this workshop
09:50-10:00 Self Introduction  
10:00-10:20 Coffee break  
10:20-12:00 Session 1: History of CSK-1 and its achievements  
  1.1 China: Review of CSK-China
  1.2 Indonesia: Idea Concept Paper -A Role of Kuroshio Adjacent to Indonesia Region (CSK-Indonesia)
  1.3 Republic of Korea: History and Legacy of CSK in Korea
  1.4 Japan: Review of CSK -From Japanese Perspectives-
  1.5 Philippines: Cooperative Studies in the Kuroshio and Related Efforts in the Philippines
  1.6 Russia: History of CSK and its Achievements -USSR/Russia-
  1.7 Wrap-up of this session  
12:00-13:30 Lunch time  
13:30-17:00 Session 2: Review talks of associated studies and activities after CSK-1, including these international programs/panels  
13:30-15:00 Presentations by all experts  
  2.1 Korean National or Bi-Lateral projects
  2.2 Philippine, Malaysia and Indonesian activities in recent years  
  2.3 Japanese National Project on Kuroshio Research
  2.4 PRC-Japan Bilateral Cooperation
  2.5 Russian National and International projects and plans in the Kuroshio System and adjacent areas
15:00-15:20 Coffee break  
15:20-17:00 International panels or intergovernmental activities associated with CSK for sharing current situation  
  2.6 OOPC  
  2.7 CLIVAR
  2.8 TPOS
  2.10 Wrap-up of this session  
Friday 20 January 2017  
09:00-09:10 Summary of discussion on the first day
09:10-12:00 Session 3: Requirements at present and future activities  
09:10-10:10 3.1 Physical processes   
    - Kuroshio Current System: Future Prospects for Clarification of Heat and Material Transports
    - Hot Spot and the Kuroshio Variability
10:10-10:30 Coffee break  
10:30-11:10 3.2 Biogeochemical processes  
    - Brief report of current biogeochemical studies/International GEOTRACES program & regional activities in Asia
    - Why CSK-II?
11:10-11:30 3.3 Ecosystem processes  
    - Larval Transport and Connectivity of Marine Ecosystem through Kuroshio and ITF
    - Long-term variability in fish community and climate change
11:30-12:00 3.4 Discuss about gaps and identify common scientific issues  
12:00-13:30 Lunch time  
13:30-14:00 3.5 Summary of science talks in the morning  
14:00-15:00 Wrap-up of the workshop  
    - Writing recommendations to WESTPAC session -outline of the preliminary report-
    - Homeworks to each inititial members   
    - Meeting and timetables before the WESTPAC-XI session   
15:00 Adjourn   


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