WESTPAC Workshop on Research and Monitoring of the Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems

19 Jan 2015 - 21 Jan 2015

The ocean has absorbed about one third of the anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions since the industrial revolution, greatly reducing the impact of this greenhouse gas on the climate. However, this massive input of CO2 is generating global changes in the chemistry of seawater, especially on the carbonate system. These changes are collectively referred to as “ocean acidification” because increased CO2 lowers seawater pH (i.e., increases its acidity). Quantitatively, ocean acidity has increased by 30% (0.1 decrease in pH) since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. It is predicted that the future CO2 absorption into the ocean will result in a decrease of pH of 0.3-0.4 and a 16% decrease in carbonate ion concentrations by 2100. According to geological records, this acidification is happening at rates not seen for at least 50 million years.

Recent studies have shown that the resulting decrease in ocean pH will make it more difficult for marine calcifying organisms, such as corals, molluscs, and calcareous plankton, to form biogenic calcium carbonate, and existing calcium carbonate structures will become vulnerable to dissolution. Thus, ongoing acidification of the oceans poses a threat to ocean-based security. Since this ocean acidification may be occurring more rapidly than prior ocean acidification events that are thought to have coincided with mass extinction events, there are concerns that marine ecosystems will change, that biodiversity will be lost, and that important ecosystem services that human societies depend upon for food security, livelihoods, and coastal protection could be significantly impacted. Unfortunately, the effects of ocean acidification on organisms and ecosystems remain poorly understood, with most of our knowledge based on simplified laboratory experiments.

The Western Pacific and its adjacent regions are among the richest and most productive in the world as a home to more than 600 coral species (more than 75% of all known coral species) and ~53% of the world’s coral reefs. Most Southeast Asian coastal communities are socially and economically dependent upon coral reef ecosystems and an estimated 70-90% of fish caught in Southeast Asia are dependent on coral reefs. Globally, it has been estimated that coral reefs support greater than 25% of all known marine species.

Despite the recognition that ocean acidification from increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 represents a major global threats to coral reefs and other calcifying marine organisms, awareness of the impacts of this ‘other CO2 problem’ has emerged only over the last decade. The ecosystem responses to ocean acidification are poorly understood in the region and more research and long-term monitoring are critically needed to develop meaningful projections on future impacts of ocean acidification on marine ecosystem, especially on coral reefs, in the region to enable resource and fisheries managers, and policy makers to develop effective long-term mitigation and adaptation strategies for the people of the region.

In this context, the IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC) aims to establish regional research and monitoring network on ocean acidification in the Western Pacific and its adjacent regions, and develop a regional program, as one regional component of the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON), to monitor the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems, mainly through a series of regional trainings & workshops, selection of pilot areas, and transfer of knowledge and technology among experts, institutions within and outside the region.

Workshop Objectives

To this end, upon the generous support of the National Commission of Thailand for UNESCO, the first regional training workshop was scheduled for 19-21 January 2015 with the host of the Phuket Marine Biological Center.

The first regional training workshop aims to
• Improve the understanding, and develop regional capability of research and monitoring on ocean acidification in the Western Pacific and its adjacent regions;
• establish an ocean acidification monitoring and research network among scientists, institutions, and agencies in the region;
• share existing and proposed ocean acidification monitoring and research approaches, methods, and techniques;
• recommend efficient, robust, and cost-effective monitoring approaches;
• identify challenges and gaps in the development of a regional program to monitor the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems;
• explore the possibility, building on existing coral reef monitoring initiatives, of a joint long-term monitoring program on the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reefs, and of joint research on ocean acidification and its related changes/process in seawater chemistry in the region.


Based on outputs of the first workshop, the second regional workshop, supposed to be organized about 6 months after the first one, will focus on defining and agreeing upon a suite of metrics, which could discern, to the extent possible, attribution of changes to coral reef ecosystems in response to ocean acidification; recommend the most efficient, robust, and cost-effective monitoring approaches for these defined metrics; map gaps in current capabilities; and select pilot study areas for the application of the identified monitoring approaches.

The third workshop, one year after the second one, will be convened to evaluate and refine monitoring approaches, provide solutions to any technical problems incurred, and come up with a roadmap for the future.

Location Phuket, Thailand
Event Type Technical Workshops and Trainnings
Organisers Staff Participants

Wenxi Zhu
Adrienne Sutton
AILEEN TAN
Russell 'Rusty' E. Brainard
Ou Ratanak
Aiqin Han
Emienour Mustafa
Md Shahadat Hossain
Suchana Chavanich
Xiangcheng Yuan
zhendong Zhang
Maria Lourdes San Diego-McGlone
Long Nguyen
Vinh Le
Hazel Arceo
Dwight Gledhill
Jamaluddin Jompa
Qinsheng Wei
Zulfigar Yasin
Shintaro Takao
Suratno Suratno
JeongHee Shim
Geun-Ha Park
Seonock Woo
Thomas Oliver
Yii Siang Hii

Agenda    
         
      download all presentations
    # Title    
    1. Opening and self introduction    
    2. Session 1: Setting the scene      
      Brief on the workshop objectives, layout and expected outputs and outcomes - Mr Wenxi Zhu, UNESCO/IOC Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC)      
      Overview on Ocean Acidification: what is OA and why do we care?Dr Adrienne Sutton, NOAA/UW Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean      
      Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON)Dr Dwight Gledhill, NOAA Ocean Acidification Program      
      Need to intensify research and monitoring efforts in the Western Pacific and adjacent regionsDr Somkiat Khokiattiwong      
    3. Session 2: Research and monitoring efforts on ocean acidification in the region      
      Ocean Acidification Threatens Marine Ecosystems and Livelihood Security in Bangladesh - Prof M. Shahadat Hossain, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh      
      Coastal Zone Conservation and Management in Cambodia - Dr Ratnak Ou, International Conventions and Biodiversity Department, Cambodia      
      Acidification Induced by the Individual Ocean Conditions - Dr Qinsheng Wei, First Institute of Oceanography, China      
      Efforts and case studies of NMEMC in the research and monitoring of the ecological impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems - Dr Zhendong Zhang, National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center (NMEMC), China      
      Experimental Effects of Climate Change and Ocean Acidification on Coral Reefs: Synergic Impacts and Management Implication - Prof Dr Jamaluddin Jompa, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia      
      Ocean Acidification in Indonesia: Present and Future - Mr Suratno, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Indonesia      
      Projecting the Combined Effects of Rising Seawater Temperatures and Ocean Acidification on Coral Habitats around Japan under Multiple Climate Change Scenarios - Dr Shintaro Takao, Hokkaido University, Japan      
      Variability of the Inorganic Carbon System in the Mid-East Coast of Korea - Dr Geun-Ha Park, Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST), Republic of Korea      
      Transcriptional Changes in Coral Responding to the Marine Acidification and Rising Seawater Temperature - Dr Seonock Woo, Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST), Republic of Korea      
      Growth Rate Comparison of Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea Gigas, Reared in a high-CO2 Environment - Dr Jeong Hee Shim, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, Republic of Korea      
      Diurnal Changes of pH and Alkalinity on the Coral Reefs of the Straits of Malacca, and the South China Sea - Dr Zulfigar Yasin, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia      
      Changes on a coral reef at a thermal vent along a pH gradient - community characteristics of corals and molluscs - Dr Aileen Tan Shau Hwai, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia      
      Research on Ocean Acidification at the University of Malaya - Dr Emienour Muzalina Mustafa, University of Malaya, Malaysia      
      A Concerted Monitoring and Research Framework on Coral Reefs Conservation by Malaysian Universities - Dr Hii Yii Siang, University Malaysia Terengganu      
      Status of Ocean Acidification Research in the Philippines - Dr Maria Lourdes San Diego-McGlone, University of the Philippines      
      Coral Reef Monitoring in the Philippines - Dr Hazel Arceo, University of the Philippines      
      Influence of pCO2 on coral larvae and the monitoring of carbonate system in a Thai reef - Dr Suchana Chavanich, Chulalongkorn University      
      Ocean Acidification Monitoring Program of the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources - Dr Somkiat Khokiattiwong, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Thailand      
      Overview of NOAA Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Program - Dr Dwight Gledhill, NOAA Ocean Acidification Program, USA      
      Reef Functionality tied to Structure: provides 3-dimensional habitat, modifies wave energy regimes and protects shorelines - Dr Anne Cohen, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), USA      
      Monitoring Activities of Coral Reefs in Vietnam - Dr Van Long Nguyen, Institute of Oceanography, Vietnam      
      Trend of coastal water quality of Nha Trang bay, Viet Nam - Ms Vinh Le Thi, Institute of Oceanography, Vietnam      
    4. Session 3: Approaches and challenges      
      Long-term Monitoring of Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reefs – Dr Rusty Brainard      
      Approaches/challenges to monitoring carbonate chemistry of coral reef ecosystemsDr Dwight Gledhill / Dr Adrienne Sutton      
      Guiding Our Sampling: using ocean models in ocean acidification observing system network design – Dr Tom Oliver      
      Approaches/challenges to monitoring biological impacts of OA on coral reef ecosystems – Dr Rusty Brainard      
    5. Session 4: Brainstorming on the way forward, particularly bearing in mind the objective to develop a regional program to monitor the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems      
    6. Session 5: Breakout sessions      
      Biological Group      
      Physical/chemical Group      
    7. Reports of Breakout Groups, followed by plenary discussions to synthesize chemical/physical and biological approaches into an integrated regional ocean acidification observing network      
    8. Recommendations, conclusions, and next steps      
     
Documents    
    # Title    
    1. Executive Summary    
    2. Summary Report    
    3. Program Book    
    4. IOC Circular Letter No. 2550    
    5. Annex I: Concept Paper -Towards the Development of a Regional Program to Monitor the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems    
    6. Annex II: Application Form for the WESTPAC Training Workshop on Research and Monitoring of the Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems, Phuket, Thailand, 19-21 January 2015    

Participants

# Name Job Title Affiliation Address Telephone Fax
1 Mr Wenxi Zhu Head & Programme Specialist WESTPAC Office Bangkok,Thailand +66 2 1411287 +66 2 1439245
2 Dr. Adrienne Sutton Research Scientist NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory and University of Washington NOAA/PMEL 7600 Sand Point Way NE Seatte, WA, USA, 98115 001-206-526-6879 001-206-526-6744
3 DR. AILEEN TAN LECTURER UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA School of Biological Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 Penang MALAYSIA +6046533500 +6046533500
4 Dr Russell 'Rusty' E. Brainard Chief Coral Reef Ecosystem Division Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA Technical Lead for an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management U.S. Coral Triangle Initiative 1845 Wasp Boulevard, Building 176, Mail Room 2247 Honolulu, Hawaii 96818 USA +1 808 725 5419, +1 808 348 37 +1 808 725 5429
5 Dr. Ou Ratanak Deputy Chief of Biodiversity Office Department of International Conventions and Biodiversity, Ministry of Environment #48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk Blvd., Phnom Penh, Cambodia +855 12886086 +855 23211909
6 Dr. Aiqin Han Assistant scientist Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, China Daxue Road #178, Siming District, Xiamen, China +86-592-2195219 +86-592-2195219
7 Dr Emienour Mustafa PostDoctoral Research Fellow Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya C308 Institute of Graduate Studies Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia +603-79674610 +603-79676994
8 Dr Md Shahadat Hossain Professor University of Chittagong Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh +88-01711-720950 +88-031-726310
9 Dr. Suchana Chavanich Associate Professor Chulalongkorn University Faculty of Science, Department of Marine Science, Bangkok 10330, Thailand 6622185394 6622550780
10 Dr. Xiangcheng Yuan Associate Scientist South China Sea Institute of Oceanology No.164 West Xingang Road, Room 533, Guangzhou,China 86-020-89023440 86-020-89023440
11 Dr. zhendong Zhang Associate researcher National marine environmental monitoring center Linghe Street No.42 Shahekou District, Dalian, Liaoning Province, China +86-411-84782609 +86-411-84782532
12 Dr. Maria Lourdes San Diego-McGlone Professor Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 1101 632-922-3944 632-924-7678
13 Dr. Long Nguyen Principal Researcher Institute of Oceanography 01 Cau Da, Nha Trang City, Viet Nam ++84583590205 or ++84905083332 ++84583590034
14 Mrs. Vinh Le Principal Researcher Institute of Oceanography 01 Cau Da, Nha Trang City, Viet Nam ++84583590203 or ++84166458245 ++84583590034
15 Dr. Hazel Arceo Assistant Professor University of the Philippines - Marine Science Institute Velasquez St., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 1101 6324331806 6324331806
16 Dr Dwight Gledhill Deputy Director NOAA Ocean Acidification Program NOAA 1315 East-West Highway SSMC3 10355 3017341288 United States
17 Dr. Jamaluddin Jompa Senior Researcher Faculty of Marine Science & Fisheries, Hasanuddin University Faculty of Marine Science & Fisheries, Unhas. Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Makassar, 90245. Indonesia +62-411-586025 +62-411-586025
18 Dr. Qinsheng Wei Assistant researcher First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration 6 Xianxialing Road, Research Center for Marine Ecology, First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, China ,266061 +86 532 88967316; +86 13589324 +86 532 88962016
19 Prof. Zulfigar Yasin Lecturer Universiti Malaysia Terengganu School of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia. +60124769901 +6096683193
20 Dr. Shintaro Takao Postdoctoral Fellow aculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University North 10 West 5, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan +81-11-706-3026 +81-11-706-2363
21 Mr. Suratno Suratno Suratno Junior Researcher Research Center for Oceanography - LIPI Jln Pasir Putih l, Ancol Timur Jakarta Utara 14430 +62-21-64713850 +62-21-64711948
22 Dr. JeongHee Shim Official Research Scientist National Fisheries Research and Development Institute 216 GijangHaean-Ro, Gijang-Up, Gijang-Gun, Busan, 619-705, Republic of Korea +82-51-720-2543 +82-51-720-2515
23 Dr. Geun-Ha Park Senior Research Scientist Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology 48 Haeyanggwahak-gil, Jukbyeon-myeon, Uljin, 767-813, Republic of Korea +82-54-780-5356 +82-54-780-5349
24 Dr. Seonock Woo Senior Research Scientist Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology Jangmok 1gil-41 Geoje 656-834 Republic of Korea 82-55-639-8543 82-55-639-8509
25 Dr. Thomas Oliver Ocean And Climate Change Team Lead Joint Institute for Marine and Atmopheric Research - Coral Reef Ecosystems Division NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Coral Reef Ecosystem Division NOAA Inouye Regional Center 1845 Wasp Blvd., Bldg 176, Honolulu, HI 96818 +1 808 725 5444 +1 (808) 725-5429
26 Dr. Yii Siang Hii Associate Professor University Malaysia Terengganu School of Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, University Malaysia Terengganu 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu. email: hii@umt.edu.my, h/p: +60123245336 60123245336 6096685002


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