IOC Sub-Commission

for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC)

Air-Sea Interaction in the Kuroshio Extension and its Climate Impact (2012-2017)

The Kuroshio Extension Region (KER) plays a crucial role in the North Pacific climate system due to the intense and complex air-sea interaction along the sharp oceanic front of the Kuroshio. The KER is where the large sea surface temperature (SST) gradient, intense heat flux, strong wind and the North Pacific storm track locate (Kelly et at., 2010). Recent studies show that the SST warming rate in KER over the past century is two to three times faster than the global mean SST warming rate (Wu et al., 2012), which will exert strong impacts not only on the climate, but also on the ecosystem and fishery in the Western Pacific Ocean.

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